Zimbabwe is rich in resources with mineral deposits of chromite, coal, platinum, asbestos, copper, nickel, gold and iron ore. With South Africa, Zimbabwe holds 90% of the world’s reserves of chromite. Zimbabwe’s chamber of mines has estimated that the mining sector contributed 20% of the GDP in 2010.
US State Gov, Zimbabwe Chamber of Mines
On a domestic legislative level, PWYP-Zimbabwe targets ongoing and future processes on mining or with implications on mining such as the proposed Diamond Revenue Bill, the Mines and Minerals Amendment Bill, the Mineral Policy and the Constitutional reform process. It also focusses on various existing laws that hinder access to information and public participation such as the Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act and the Public Order and Security Act for reform.
At its launch the coalition agreed on the need to promote and protect the civil, political, economic, social, environmental and cultural rights of communities affected by commissions or omissions of state entities or private mining companies. Another potential step to be considered is an assessment of what incentives or certification system could be created by the PWYP coalition to encourage mining companies and government departments to disclose payments and revenue.
PWYP Zimbabwe plays an important role in the Zimbabwe Mining Revenue Transparency, an initiative it helped bring about through lobbying and advocacy. Although the ZMRT is similar in some ways to EITI, PWYP-Zimbabwe will continue to push the government and mining companies in Zimbabwe to join EITI.
Finally, the coalition seeks to broaden its membership and promote capacity building of civil society organisations, media and community activists on various strategies that can be used to promote transparency and accountability through the PWYP campaign.
22 February 2012 – PWYP Zimbabwe held a two day meeting to operationalise the coalition and create a draft Vision, Mission Statement and Advocacy Issues and Strategies.
26 August 2011 – The Zimbabwe Chapter of the Publish What You Pay (PWYP) campaign was launched in Harare at an event organized by the Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association (ZELA) with support from the Southern Africa Resources Watch (SARW) and the Publish What You Pay Africa Secretariat. The event was attended by more than 50 participants drawn from civil society organisations, community groups, parliament, government and mining companies. Its objectives were to foster an understanding of the PWYP campaign globally and regionally, build up membership of the Publish What You Pay Zimbabwe Chapter and identify advocacy issues PWYP-Zimbabwe will focus on in the coming years.
ZELA had been lobbying and advocating for reforms in the extractive sector since 2009 and worked on the issue with Southern Africa Resource Watch (SAWR) and the Revenue Watch Institute (RWI). As well as organising various events and meetings on transparency in the extractive sector, including a multistakeholder meeting on the EITI in September 2010, ZELA attended the 5th Global EITI conference (Paris, March 2011) and the PWYP Africa Regional Meeting in Kinshasa in May 2011.